What is a Spill Prevention, Control and Countermeasure (SPCC) Plan?
The Federal Water Pollution Control Act (FWPCA) of 1972, commonly known as the Clean Water Act (CWA), is the principal federal statute for protecting navigable waters, adjoining shorelines, and the waters of the contiguous zone from pollution.
The EPA requires that certain facilities prepare, amend, and implement a Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) Plan. This is a written document that describes measures your organization has taken to prevent and contain oil spills, and how your company will respond to and clean up any oil spills, should one occur. This rule is in addition to any oil spill requirements required by your stormwater pollution prevention plan.
All SPCC plans must include:
- Tank/container storage capacity and oil type
- Secondary containment systems
- Tank integrity testing and inspection procedures
SPCCs must be reviewed and approved by a professional engineer if the facility has an aggregate storage capacity greater than 10,000 gallons and it must be reviewed and evaluated a minimum of once every five years. This plan must be amended within six months whenever there has been a change in any facility design, construction, operation, or maintenance that materially affects the facility’s potential for the discharge of oil.
A copy of the SPCC plan must be available to the EPA for onsite review and kept at any facility that is open at least four hours per day; otherwise it must be kept at the nearest field office.
Criminal penalties for the discharge oil to navigable waters of the U.S. or adjoining shorelines (such as lakes, rivers and streams) may result in fines of up to $100,000 per day and/or up to six years in prison. Hefty fines and penalties can also be imposed if your company fails to conduct proper training and implementation of the SPCC plan.
Our engineers at Pacific Engineering & Consulting have developed SPCC plans for numerous industrial and agricultural facilities. We can help you develop a SPCC plan tailored to your specific needs, provide revisions to your existing plans, and conduct program audits.
SPCC Plans for the following industries:
- Brewery / Winery
- Education / Schools
- Food Processing
- Gas Stations
The SPCC rule applies to any site that has an aboveground oil storage capacity of more than 1,320 gallons of oil in containers greater than 55 gallons of storage capacity, or more than 42,000 gallons in completely buried containers.
Any facility that could reasonably be expected to discharge oil of any kind or in any form into to navigable waters of the U.S. or adjoining shorelines is subject to this rule and is required to create and implement a plan with a professional engineer. This includes heating oil, crop or vegetable oil, animal fat, mineral oil, gasoline, diesel, and solvents.
Call (559) 251-4060 to learn how we can help you.
Are there any State-Specific requirements?
Many states adopt stricter or similar requirements to the federal government. California’s Aboveground Petroleum Storage Act (APSA) regulates facilities with aggregate aboveground petroleum storage capacities of 1,320 gallons, or more, stored in aboveground storage containers, tanks, oil-filled equipment, or tanks in an underground area. APSA requires that owners and operators complete an SPCC, as required by the Federal Regulations, but it does not stipulate a risk to navigable waters.
Pacific Engineering & Consulting can provide tailored plans designed to meet your specific needs and can arrange an onsite consultation to determine the best implementation methods to save your organization money and resources.